The Copyright Act of 1957 was established in order to protect the creativity of authors, musicians, performers and music producers by granting them exclusive rights for their creation. Since its inception, the Act has been amended 5 times in the following years – 1983, 1984, 1992, 1994, 1999 and 2012. The Copyright (Amendment) Act of 2012 is the most significant and applicable to all copyrighted works.
The reason for making amendments to the original Act of 1957 is to come in terms with the WIPO Copyright Treaty
(WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) that allowed for the protection of the Music and Film Industry. Few important amendments to the Act in 2012 are digital copyright protection, penalties for evasion of protection procedures, liability of internet service provider, establishing statutory licenses for broadcasters, ensuring royalty rights for authors and music composers, special moral rights to performers, and exemption of copyrights for physically disabled to access any work.